بررسی تأثیر نانوذرات کربنی عامل‌‌دار بر پایداری فوم ‌دی‌اکسید‌کربن پایدار شده با سورفکتانت ویسکوالاستیک

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 گروه مهندسی مخزن، دانشکده مهندسی نفت دانشگاه صنعتی امیرکبیر، تهران،‌ ایران

2 مرکز توسعه علوم و فن‌آوری‌های نانوکربن، پردیس پژوهشی و توسعه صنایع پایین‌دستی نفت، پژوهشگاه صنعت نفت، تهران، ایران

10.22078/pr.2023.5010.3243

چکیده

با توجه به اینکه عمر بیشتر مخازن نفتی دنیا از جمله ایران به نیمه دوم خود رسیده و میزان برداشت نفت از آنها به مقدار قابل ملاحظه‌ای کاهش یافته است، استفاده از روش‌های ازدیاد برداشت را امری اجتناب‌ناپذیر می‌نماید. در این میان تزریق گاز دی‌اکسید‌کربن در چند دهه گذشته مورد توجه خاصی قرار داشته است. اما از طرفی تحرک‌پذیری بالای گازها در مقایسه با نفت، باعث شده است از سورفکتانت‌ها و تزریق گاز به‌صورت فوم استفاده شود که تحرک‌پذیری گاز را تا حد قابل قبولی کاهش می‌دهد. در این مطالعه از ترکیب دو نوع سورفکتانت آنیونی و زویتریونیک استفاده شده است. با انجام آزمون رفتار فازی، ترکیب بهینه دو سورفکتانت پیدا شده به‌نحوی‌که بیشترین میزان میکروامولسیون نفت در آب تشکیل شود. ترکیب به‌دست آمده باعث ایجاد فوم نیتروژن و CO2 پایدار در شوری آب دریای خلیج فارس و در تماس با نفت شده است. به‌دلیل استفاده از سورفکتانت زویتریونیک، پایداری فوم CO2 به‌میزان 9/20% از فوم نیتروژن بیشتر بوده است. با بررسی نیمه‌عمر فوم CO2 توسط آزمون ستون‌فوم، نیمه‌عمر فوم در غلظت بهینه به‌میزان min 145 مشاهده شد. تأثیر نانوذرات کربنی عامل‌‌دار بر میزان میکروامولسیون نفت در آب و پایداری فوم CO2 مورد مطالعه قرار گرفته است و نانوذرات کربنی دارای گروه عاملی آمین-کربوکسیل-هیدروکسیل بهترین عملکرد را داشته و پایداری فوم تا 75% بهبود یافته است. همچنین جهت اطمینان از عملکرد فوم در شرایط دینامیکی، تزریق فوم CO2 در میکرومدل انجام پذیرفت و با تزریق فوم CO2 مقدار 4/86% از نفت اولیه بازیابی شد. استفاده از نانوذرات کربنی دارای گروه عاملی آمین-کربوکسیل-هیدروکسیل باعث بهبود بازیابی نفت اولیه به‌میزان 5/13% شده و 5/99% از نفت اولیه بازیابی شد.

کلیدواژه‌ها

موضوعات


عنوان مقاله [English]

Investigating the Effect of Functionalized Carbon Nanoparticles on the Stability of Carbon Dioxide Foam Stabilized with Viscoelastic Surfactant

نویسندگان [English]

  • M. Amin Emami 1
  • Jalal Fahimpour 1
  • Yousef Rafiei 1
  • Alimorad Rashidi 2
1 Department of Petroleum Engineering, Amirkabir University of Technology, Tehran, Iran
2 Nanotechnology Research Center, Faculty of Research and Development in Downstream Petroleum Industry, Research Institute of Petroleum Industry (RIPI), Tehran, Iran
چکیده [English]

In this study, the combination of two types of anionic and zwitterionic surfactants was used. By performing the phase behavior test, the optimal combination of two surfactants was found in such a way that the maximum amount of microemulsion of oil in water is formed. The obtained composition has caused stable nitrogen and CO2 foam in the Persian Gulf Sea water salinity and in contact with oil. Due to the use of zwitterionic surfactant, the stability of CO2 foam is 20.9% higher than that of nitrogen foam. By examining the half-life of CO2 foam by the foam column test, the half-life of foam at the optimal concentration was observed to be 145 minutes. The effect of functionalized carbon nanoparticles on the amount of microemulsion of oil in water and the stability of CO2 foam has been studied, and carbon nanoparticles with amine-carboxyl-hydroxyl functional group have performed best and foam stability has improved by 75%. Also, in order to ensure the performance of foam in dynamic conditions, CO2 foam injection was done in the micromodel, and with CO2 foam injection, 86.4% of the original oil was recovered. The use of carbon nanoparticles with amine-carboxyl-hydroxyl functional group improved the recovery of primary oil by 13.5% and 99.9% of primary oil was recovered.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • CO2 Foam
  • Micro Emulsion
  • Low IFT Foam
  • Carbon Nanoparticles
  • Foam Column
  • Micromodel
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