W. Deckwer, Bubble Column Reactor, 4th Ed. John Wiley and Sons, Chichester, 1992.
 M.H. Oyevaar, R. Bos, K.R. Westerterp, Interfacial Areas and Gas Hold-Ups in Gas-Liquid Contactors at Elevated Pressures from 0.1 to 8.0 Mpa, Chemical Engineering Science, Vol. 46, 1991.
 I.G. Reilly, D.S. Scott, T.J.W. de Bruijn, and D. MacIntyre, The Role of Gas Phase Momentum in Determining Gas Holdup and Hydrodynamic Flow Regimes in Bubble Column Operations, The Canadian Journal of Chemical Engineering, Vol. 72, 1994.
 J.S. Smith, L.F. Burns, K.T. Valsaraj, L.J. Thibodeaux, Bubble Column Reactors for Wastewater Treatment. 2. The Effect of Sparger Design on Sublation Column Hydrodynamic in the Homogeneous Flow Regime, Industrial and Engineering Chemistry Research, Vol. 35, 1996.
 Ch. Vial, R. Laine, S. Poncin, N. Midoux, G. Wild, Influence of Gas Distribution and Regime Transition on Liquid Velocity and Turbulence in a 3-D Bubble Column, Chemical Engineering Science, Vol. 56, 2001.
 S.C. Saxena, Z.D. Chen, Hydrodynamics and Heat Transfer of Baffled and Un baffled Slurry Bubble Column, Rev. Chem. Eng., Vol. 10, 1994.
 P.M. Wilkinson, A.P. Spek, L. van Dierendonck, Design Parameters Estimation for Scale-Up of High-Pressure Bubble Columns, AIChE Journal, Vol. 38, 1992.
 B.N. Thorat, K. Kataria, A.V. Kulkarni, J.B. Joshi, Pressure Drop Studies in Bubble Columns,” Industrial and Engineering Chemistry Research, Vol. 40, 2001.
 L.Z. Pino, R.B. Solari, S. Siquier, L. Antonio Estevez, M. Yepez, Effect of
Operating Conditions on Gas Holdup in Slurry Bubble Columns with a Foaming Liquid, Chemical Engineering Communication, Vol. 117, 1992.
 F. Kastanek, J. Zahradnik, J. Kratochvil, J. Cermak, Modeling of Large-Scale Bubble Column Reactors for Non-Ideal Gas–Liquid Systems, 2 nd Ed, L. K. Doraiswamy, 1997.
 F. Mashelkar, Frontier in Chemical Reaction Engineering, 2nd Ed, John Wiley & Sons, New Delhi, India, Vol. 1, 1984.
 A. Mersmann, Design and Scale-up of Bubble and Spray Columns, Ger. Chem. Eng. Vol. 1, 1978.