حذف کلرید منیزیم توسط غشاهای نانوفیلتراسیون تهیه شده از نانوذرات اکسید مس

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

دانشکده مهندسی شیمی، دانشکده فنی مهندسی، دانشگاه اراک، ایران

10.22078/pr.2022.4700.3113

چکیده

در این تحقیق ابتدا نانوذرات مس اکسید تک ‌ظرفیتی به‌روش الکتروشیمیایی سنتز شدند و از نانوذرات سنتز شده برای اصلاح و ساخت غشاهای نانوفیلتراسیون بر پایه پلی‌اترسولفون استفاده شد. غلظت‌های مختلفی از نانوذرات مس اکسید تک ‌ظرفیتی به‌عنوان افزودنی در پلی‌اترسولفون به‌عنوان ماتریس غشایی جهت تهیه غشاهای نانوفیلتراسیون PES/Cu2O  مورد استفاده قرار گرفت. غشاهای تهیه شده توسط تبدیل فوریه فروسرخ (FT-IR) و میکروسکوپ الکترونی روبشی (SEM) آنالیز شدند. تجزیه و تحلیل FTIR تشکیل پیوندهای مطلوب را در نانوذرات سنتزی مس اکسید تک‌ظرفیتی و غشاهای ساخته شده، نشان داد. عملکرد جداسازی غشاهای ساخته ‌شده با شار آب خالص و پس‌دهی کلرید منیزیم مورد بررسی قرار گرفت. نتایج بالاترین شار آب خالص L/m2h 78/36 را برای غشای ساخته‌شده M1 در 05/0% وزنی نانوذرات Cu2O نشان داد. علاوه‌بر این، بالاترین میزان پس‌دهی MgCl2 72% در 2% وزنی نانوذرات مس اکسید تک ‌ظرفیتی برای غشای ساخته ‌شده M5 گزارش شد.
 

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Magnesium Chloride Removal by Nanofiltration Membranes Prepared from Cuprous Oxide Nanoparticles

نویسندگان [English]

  • Shakiba Ghohyei
  • Abdolreza Moghadassi
  • Samaneh Bandehali
  • Morteza Habibi
  • Maryam Eskandari
Department of Chemical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Arak University, Iran
چکیده [English]

In this study, Cu2O nanoparticles were first synthesized electrochemically, and the synthesized nanoparticles were used to modify nanofiltration membranes.  Different concentrations of nanoparticles were included as an additive in PES as a membrane matrix for the preparation of PES/Cu2O nanofiltration membranes. The prepared membranes were analyzed by Fourier transform infrared (FT-IR), scanning electron microscopy (SEM). FTIR analysis showed the formation of favorable bonds in the synthesized nanoparticles and prepared membranes.  The separation performance of membranes was investigated with pure water flux and MgCl2 removal.  The results showed the highest pure water flux of 36.78 L/m2h for M1 at 0.05 wt.% Cu2O nanoparticles. In addition, the MgCl2 rejection increased to 72% at 2 wt.% Cu2O nanoparticles for M5.
 

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Membrane
  • Nanofiltration
  • Magnesium chloride removal
  • Copper oxide nanoparticles
  • Modification methods
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