شبیه‌سازی تبخیر آب و رسوب نمک در فرآیند جذب و ذخیره‌سازی کربن دی اکسید در سازند آبده

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

پژوهشکده نفت و گاز، دانشگاه صنعتی سهند، تبریز، ایران

چکیده

کربن دی اکسیـد گازی گلـخانه‌ای است که در پدیده گرم شـدن کره زمیـن بیشترین تأثیر را دارد. جـذب و ذخیـره‌سـازی کربن دی اکسید به عنوان انتخاب برتر در کاهش گازهـای گلخانه‌ای در اتمسفر در نظر گرفته می‌شود. سفره‌های آبده شور ظرفیت بالقوه بالایی نسبت به سایر گزینه‌های ذخیره‌سازی، نظیر مخازن نفت و گاز تخلیه شده برای ذخیره کربن دی اکسید دارند. علاقه زیادی در زمینه مطالعه ذخیره کربن دی اکسید در سفره آبده شور در دهه اخیر به وجود آمده است. در بین مکانیزم‌های مختلف، کربن دی اکسید می‌تواند به وسیله انحلال در آب سـازند در سفـره آبده شـور به تله بیافتد. تبخیـر آب فرآیندی است که در زمان انحلال کربن دی اکسـید در آب اتفاق می‌افتد و باعث رسوب نمک می‌شود و تخلخل را کاهش داده، به تراوایی مخزن در نزدیکی چاه آسیب می‌زند و باعث کاهش تزریق‌پذیری می‌شود. برای مطالعه تأثیر تزریق کربن دی اکسید بر خواص سفره آبده در طی فرآیند تزریق، مدل‌سازی و شبیه‌سازی این فرآیند با استفاده از نرم‌افزار MATLAB R2013a انجام شده است. مقایسه نتایج به‌دست آمده از مدل In-house با داده‌های ارائه شده توسط زیدونی و همکارانـش نشان می‌دهد نتایج تغییر تخلخل و تغییر تراوایی بر هم منطبق هستند و مدل ارائه شده با میانگین خطای نسبی حدود 7% برای شعاع نواحی فازی دقت بسیار خوبی در پیش‌بینی خواص در فرآیند تزریق کربن دی اکسید در سفره آبده دارد.
 

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Simulation of Water Evaporation and Salt Precipitation during Carbon Dioxide Capture and Storage in Aquifer

نویسندگان [English]

  • Milad Ghafoori
  • Elnaz Khodapanah
  • Ali Reza Tabatabaeinejad
Oil and Gas Research Institute, Sahand University of Technology, Tabriz, Iran
چکیده [English]

Carbon dioxide is a greenhouse gas that has the most effect in the phenomenon of global warming. Carbon dioxide capture and storage are considered to be a top choice for reducing greenhouse gases in the atmosphere. Saline aquifers have high potential compared with other storage options, such as, depleted oil and gas reservoirs to store Carbon dioxide. In the last decade, there has been a great interest in the study of storing Carbon dioxide in the saline aquifers. Among the different mechanisms, Carbon dioxide can traped in the aquifer by dissolving in water. Water evaporation is a process that leads to salt deposition in the surrounding area of the injection well that reduces the porosity, damages the reservoir permeability near the wellbore and reduces the well injectivity. Modeling and the simulation have been performed by MATLAB R2013a software to study the effect of Carbon dioxide injection on the aquifer properties. A comparison between the results and those obtained using Zeidouni et al. shows that the proposed model has the same values for porosity change and permeability reduction. The proposed model with an average relative deviation about %7 is able to accurately predict the aquifer properties during CO2 gas injection.
 

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Simulation
  • Carbon Dioxide Capture and Storage
  • Permeability Alteration
  • Aquifer
  • Salt Precipitation
  • Damage

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